Alice B. Toklas
Alice Babette Toklas was born and raised in California. In 1907 she moved to Paris, where she lived with Gertrude Stein, the American writer and art collector, and later to the Bugey, a region in south-eastern France famous for its gastronomy. She and Gertrude Stein worked as volunteers for the American Fund for French Wounded during the First World War and, although both were Jewish, they remained in Nazi-occupied France throughout the Second World War. In addition to keeping one of the most celebrated tables of the twentieth century, Alice B. Toklas also worked as a translator, and both her memoirs and her correspondence were published to great acclaim. She died in 1967.